Week of November 26, 2018
Column: Remembering the Gettysburg Address
November 19 marked the 155th anniversary of one of the most famous speeches in American history: the Gettysburg Address. If you’ve ever visited the Lincoln Memorial, you’ve seen it etched in the white marble. In just 272 words, President Lincoln encapsulated not only the reasons for the struggles of the Civil War but also the meaning of our nation itself.
The carnage and devastation of the three-day clash between Union and Confederate forces was staggering. Before the July 1863 battle, the population of the town of Gettysburg was around 2,400 people. Afterwards, Gettysburg was left to care for 14,000 wounded Union troops, 8,000 Confederate prisoners, and thousands of dead (plus 3,000 dead horses).
At the time, Lincoln’s remarks were overshadowed by noted orator Edward Everett, who gave a two hour address ahead of the President as part of the dedication of the Soldier’s National Cemetery where over 3,500 Union soldiers and over 6,000 bodies total are buried.
Prior to sharing the podium with the President, Mr. Everett had written about Lincoln in his diary: “He is evidently a person of very inferior cast of character, wholly unequal to the crisis.” Criticism of Abraham Lincoln by his contemporaries was not uncommon.
Because his speech lasted just two minutes, the audience was silent afterwards. Today, we don’t know why: were they in awe or did they not know he had finished? Either way, the Address was not seen as being very significant until years afterward.
The day after that dedication ceremony, both Lincoln’s remarks and Everett’s speech were reprinted. The Patriot & Union (today’s Patriot-News) described Lincoln’s Address as: “the silly remarks of the President” adding, “for the credit of the nation we are willing that the veil of oblivion shall be dropped over them and that they shall be no more repeated or thought of.” One hundred and fifty years later, the Patriot-News retracted that criticism.
Today, the Gettysburg Address is often remembered and sometimes quoted:
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
“Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
“But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
Thank you President Lincoln.
Deadline Extended for Veterans’ Trust Fund Grants
The application deadline for the PA Department of Military and Veterans Affairs 2018-19 Veterans’ Trust Fund (VTF) grants has been extended. Grant applications must now be received by 3 p.m. on Friday, December 14. Up to $800,000 in VTF grant funding will be competitively awarded for programs and services benefiting PA Veterans. Up to $150,000 is available to counties for new, innovative or expanded programs or services operated by County Directors of Veterans Affairs or the PA Association of County Directors of Veterans Affairs. Applicants in this category may request up to $20,000 per county with a priority focus on Veterans’ outreach and Veterans’ court programs. Up to $650,000 is available for 501(c)(19) veterans’ service organizations and 501(c)(3) non-profits that have a mission of serving PA Veterans. Applicants in this category may request up to $50,000 for programs focusing on Veteran homelessness, behavioral health initiatives and Veterans’ court.
The VTF is funded by generous Pennsylvanians who voluntarily donate when applying for or renewing driver’s licenses, photo IDs, or motor vehicle registrations, purchasing Honoring Our Veterans license plates, or making private donations. Tax deductible donations can be made online at www.donate.dmva.pa.gov or mailed to: Veterans’ Trust Fund, Bldg. 0-47 Fort Indiantown Gap, Annville, PA 17003-5002.
“Innovations Challenge” for High School Students
The PA Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and the PA Department of Education invite high school students in grades 9-12 to participate in the PennDOT Innovations Challenge, which encourages students to use their problem-solving, creative and strategic-thinking abilities to solve real-world transportation challenges. This year’s Innovations Challenge asks students to look at cost-effective technologies and innovative methods, aside from laws and educational campaigns that can be developed in the next five to 10 years to get drivers to slow down in work zones.
Every day, construction workers on PA roadways face a dangerous threat in work zones. Despite increased law enforcement efforts, work zone signage placed miles in advance and smartphone alerts, drivers continue to commit traffic violations in work zones, which sometimes leads to crashes and other dangerous, life-threatening situations. There were more than 1,700 work zone-related crashes and 19 fatalities in PA last year.
Regional winners will be selected and invited to compete in Harrisburg for the state championship. The statewide winning team will be awarded $1,500 from the PA Chapter of the American Traffic Safety Services Association to be divided among team members. Click here for further details. The deadline for submissions is December 31.
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